[1]张胜璋.论林纾与古文理论的终结[J].福建理工大学学报,2024,22(02):114-121.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.2097-3853.2024.02.003]
 ZHANG Shengzhang.On Lin Shu and the ending of ancient prose theory[J].Journal of Fujian University of Technology;,2024,22(02):114-121.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.2097-3853.2024.02.003]
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论林纾与古文理论的终结
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《福建理工大学学报》[ISSN:2097-3853/CN:35-1351/Z]

卷:
第22卷
期数:
2024年02期
页码:
114-121
栏目:
出版日期:
2024-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
On Lin Shu and the ending of ancient prose theory
作者:
张胜璋
闽江学院
Author(s):
ZHANG Shengzhang
School of Humanities, Minjiang University
关键词:
林纾古文理论意境取法新学终结
Keywords:
Lin Shu ancient prose theory artistic conception methods new learning ending
分类号:
I046
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.2097-3853.2024.02.003
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
林纾生逢封建王朝末世,其所论古文,上至先秦,近及清代,梳理诸多概念范畴、渊源流别以至文法技巧,留下数量繁多、见识精到的理论著作与评点文选,形成了一套比较完整的古文理论体系,堪称古文理论的“终结”,为中国古文理论的现代转换研究增添了新的实证材料和思想资源。林纾主张博采众长、取法乎上,对桐城派的散文理论而言,其审视与超越的功绩要大于继承与整合。林纾翻译西洋小说并撰写大量序跋作品,强调文学对普通人生、下等社会的关照,主张“于布帛粟米中述情”,参与了中国传统文论的现代化进程。林纾对古文的执守,虽有复古与偏执的弊病,为“ 五四” 后新文化潮流所摒弃,但也有保全国学、传承文化的合理意见和有益思考,值得当今学术界借鉴与反思。
Abstract:
Born at the end of the feudal dynasty, Lin Shu explored ancient Chinese prose from the pre-Qin period to the Qing Dynasty, and sorted out many conceptual categories, origins and even grammar skills, leaving a large number of insightful theoretical works and commentaries, forming a relatively complete theoretical system of ancient prose, which can be called the “ending” of ancient prose theory, and adding new empirical materials and ideological resources to the modern transformation research of Chinese ancient prose theory. Lin Shu advocated learning from others and taking the best methods. As far as the prose theory of the Tongcheng school was concerned, his achievements of examination and transcendence were greater than those of inheritance and integration. Lin Shu translated Western novels and wrote a large number of preface and postscript works, emphasizing the attention of literature to ordinary life and the lower society, advocating “expressing feelings in details of daily life”, thereby participating in the modernization process of traditional Chinese literary theory. Although Lin Shu’s adherence to ancient prose had the disadvantages of restoring ancient ways and being paranoid, which was abandoned by the new cultural trend after the May 4th movement, he also had reasonable opinions and useful thoughts on preserving traditional Chinese studies and inheriting culture, which are worthy of reference and reflection by the academic circles today.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2024-04-25